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The Official Student Publication of University of the Philippines- College of Management, Iloilo City

How to say I Love You in 100 Languages

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English – I love you
Afrikaans – Ek het jou lief
Albanian – Te dua
Arabic – Ana behibak (to male)
Arabic – Ana behibek (to female)
Armenian – Yes kez sirumem
Bambara – M’bi fe
Bengali – Ami tomake bhalobashi (pronounced: Amee toe-ma-kee bhalo-bashee)
Belarusian – Ya tabe kahayu
Bisaya – Nahigugma ako kanimo
Bulgarian – Obicham te
Cambodian – Soro lahn nhee ah
Catalan – T’estimo
Cherokee – Tsi ge yu i
Cheyenne – Ne mohotatse
Chichewa – Ndimakukonda
Chinese
Cantonese – Ngo oiy ney a
Mandarin – Wo ai ni
Comanche – U kamakutu nu
(pronounced oo—-ka-ma-koo-too—–nu) — Thx Tony
Corsican – Ti tengu caru (to male)
Cree – Kisakihitin
Creol – Mi aime jou
Croatian – Volim te
Czech – Miluji te
DanishJeg Elsker Dig
DutchIk hou van jou
Elvish – Amin mela lle (from The Lord of The Rings, by J.R.R. Tolkien)
Esperanto – Mi amas vin
Estonian – Ma armastan sind
Ethiopian – Afgreki’
Faroese – Eg elski teg
Farsi – Doset daram
Filipino – Mahal kita
Finnish – Mina rakastan sinua
French – Je t’aime, Je t’adore
Frisian – Ik hald fan dy
Gaelic – Ta gra agam ort
Georgian – Mikvarhar
German – Ich liebe dich
Greek – S’agapo
Gujarati – Hoo thunay prem karoo choo
Hiligaynon – Palangga ko ikaw
Hawaiian – Aloha Au Ia`oe
Hebrew
To female – “ani ohev otach” (said by male) “ohevet Otach” (said by female)
To male – “ani ohev otcha” (said by male) “Ohevet ot’cha” (said by female)
Hiligaynon – Guina higugma ko ikaw
Hindi – Hum Tumhe Pyar Karte hae
Hmong – Kuv hlub koj
Hopi – Nu’ umi unangwa’ta
Hungarian – Szeretlek
Icelandic – Eg elska tig
Ilonggo – Palangga ko ikaw
Indonesian – Saya cinta padamu
Inuit – Negligevapse
Irish – Taim i’ ngra leat
ItalianTi amo
Japanese – Aishiteru or Anata ga daisuki desu
Kannada – Naanu ninna preetisuttene
KapampanganKaluguran daka
Kiswahili – Nakupenda
Konkani – Tu magel moga cho
Korean – Sarang Heyo or Nanun tangshinul sarang hamnida
Latin – Te amo
Latvian – Es tevi miilu
Lebanese – Bahibak
Lithuanian – Tave myliu
Luxembourgeois – Ech hun dech gaer
Macedonian – Te Sakam
Malay – Saya cintakan mu / Aku cinta padamu
Malayalam – Njan Ninne Premikunnu
Maltese – Inhobbok
Marathi – Me tula prem karto
Mohawk – Kanbhik
Moroccan – Ana moajaba bik
Nahuatl – Ni mits neki
Navaho – Ayor anosh’ni
Ndebele – Niyakutanda
Norwegian
Bokmaal – Jeg elsker deg
Nyonrsk – Eg elskar deg
Pandacan – Syota na kita!!
Pangasinan – Inaru Taka
Papiamento – Mi ta stimabo
Persian – Doo-set daaram
Pig Latin – Iay ovlay ouyay
Polish – Kocham Ciebie
PortugueseEu te amo
Romanian – Te iubesc
Russian – Ya tebya liubliu
Scot Gaelic – Tha gra\dh agam ort
Serbian – Volim te
Setswana – Ke a go rata
Sign Language – ,\,,/ (represents position of fingers when signing ‘I Love You’)
Sindhi – Maa tokhe pyar kendo ahyan
Sioux – Techihhila
Slovak – Lu`bim ta
Slovenian – Ljubim te
SpanishTe quiero / Te amo
Swahili – Ninapenda wewe
Swedish – Jag alskar dig
Swiss-German – Ich lieb Di
Surinam – Mi lobi joe
Tagalog – Mahal kita
Taiwanese – Wa ga ei li
Tahitian – Ua Here Vau Ia Oe
Tamil – Nan unnai kathalikaraen
Telugu – Nenu ninnu premistunnanu
Thai
To female – Phom rak khun
To male – Chan rak khun
Informal – Rak te
Tunisian – Ha eh bak
Turkish – Seni Seviyorum
Ukrainian – Ya tebe kahayu
Urdu – mai aap say pyaar karta hoo
Vietnamese
To female – Anh ye^u em
To male – Em ye^u anh
Welsh – ‘Rwy’n dy garu di
Yiddish – Ikh hob dikh
Yoruba – Mo ni fe
Zazi – Ezhele hezdege
Zuni – Tom ho’ ichema

Source: http://links2love.com

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Filed under: Feature,

A Comprehensive History of the Four Tribes of Aárgo

by Thomas Arnold C. Vallejo

Act I: Beginnings

Chapter I: Origins

No one knows exactly how the Universe began. Some theorize that a catastrophic cosmic explosion called the Maelstrom set the primordial worlds spinning out into a vortex of physico-kinetic energy and thus marked the conception of primitive worlds into the immeasurable Universal Space. This theory is said to be the beginnings of the world we now call Earth, the world that is said to be the only one that can sustain Life. Although the exact origins of the Earth remain uncertain, it is clear that various primitive life forms began to exist millions of years after the inception of the Earth.

The colossal deity Terlok is believed to be the being who breathed into the cosmos and initiated the Maelstrom. Terlok is said to have explored the newborn Universe and set Order upon various galaxies. His magical breath is also said to be the source of infinite energies that mobilized the universe, and the same energies that started life on Earth.

Terlok’s colossal arms are believed to have raised innumerable mountains and earthscapes. His potent strength enabled Him to set distances between landmasses and this started the formation of the Earth’s vast oceans. The deity’s breath is also said to have separated the billows of cloudy dust from the earth’s crust, thus creating space between them. The clouds of dust became the earth’s ceiling, or more known to us as the Sky.

Chapter II: Biogenesis

The separation of the Earth’s surface from the ground is said to have been the most important event in prehistory as this created the Earth’s atmosphere, one of the many sources of life. Living organisms are believed to have emerged from the reaction of the Earth’s natural elements with the aftermaths of Terlok’s breath of life. More complex organisms evolved from infinitesimal ones, and after eons of evolution, man was born.

Chapter III: The Civilised Age

The beginnings of man were simple. He used his gifts of long limbs to stand upright and his brain to find ways for him to survive. Soon, man learned to use his physical makeup to create various tools and items such as clothing, weapons, and shelter. Later on he was able to manipulate various elements in his environment. His physical impulses also made him capable of the powers of reproduction, such that the she-men were able to give birth to new members of their race.

Civilizations emerged from the great continent Aárgo. The huge landmass was divided into four distinct tribes, which were adept to specific ways of living. Although they once lived harmoniously as a single clan who worshipped the deity Terlok, differences in beliefs and aspirations led to their separation. The separation, which was later called the Dispersion, became the most famous event in history for it gave birth to the four tribes of Aárgo. These tribes became known as Alpec, Cepri, Croptud, and Morponitos, which had different meanings in their native tongue. Despite cultural differences, the four tribes hitherto spoke the same language, the language we now call English, aside from their various dialects.

Act II: The Four Tribes

Chapter I: Alpec

It is believed that many years after the creation of Aárgo, Terlok himself roamed about in the land and explored the newborn landmass. Terlok is said to have flattened many mountains and turned them into inhabitable plains because of his Foresight that life will soon thrive on it.

Years after the Dispersion, a group of men and she-men found the enchanted plains and, using their bare hands, built houses out of what was practically there. The group of people soon became a tribe who named their homeland Alpec, which means “Those who Dwell.” Alpecians consist mainly of farmers, for farming was their predominant occupation.

During times of war, however, both men and women became strong fighters. Although they are not very skilled in conjuring the Earth’s elements, their tribe was able survive for ages by using their terrain not only as habitat but also as a living fortress. Their town stands with magnificent watchtowers, temples and keeps. The Great Citadel, the most known of all structures, is a watchtower which serves as an observatory so that they can oversee danger as well as nearby enemies and threats to their race.

Chapter II: Cepri

When light first came to Aárgo, it first kissed the summits of a series of mountain ranges. At day, the sun rose from these mountains, and at night, the moon appeared from it. Terlok saw that this was an interesting phenomenon since all light that bathed Aárgo came from these mountains. Terlok is believed to have blessed these mountains with his breath ages after the Birth of the Universe.

The first inhabitants of these mountains were said to be a couple: a man named Prialim and a she-man named Ceph. After the infamous Dispersion, they were the only two who set foot to the mountains. They traversed steep slopes and dangerous paths until they reached the peak of the highest mountain.

It was in its peak where the couple found a mysterious orb which they called the Orb of Light because of its alluring radiance. In order to preserve the beauty and powers of the Orb, the couple built a temple to contain it. They baptized the temple with the name Temple of Light. Soon after, the two decided to name the mountains Cepri, meaning “People of Light,” because they planned to start a new race of warriors: a tribe which will be blessed by the Orb of Light. Later on, as their numbers increased, they were called Ceprians after the Great Mountains and also after their great ancestors, Ceph and Prialim.

Ceprians, by nature, are strategists. They illuminate their paths not only with light but also with knowledge. Because they are nomadic people, they are good in tracking and are expert travelers.

Chapter III: Croptud

Not soon after the cataclysmic Maelstrom, Terlok’s Breath of Life entered the planet Earth and permeated though the microscopic pores of the ground. It is believed that the deity’s breath also triggered the creation of plants and vegetation. After many millennia of evolution, plants became more diverse and forests were formed. These forests became habitats of all kinds of living animals.

The first denizens of the Great Forests were a group of travelers who appeared after the Dispersion. These travelers decided to establish a permanent settlement inside the forest. As their numbers grew, they became more skilled in hunting and living with the wild.

Later on, a member of the tribe found a gargantuan tree in the middle of the forest. The torchbearer of the tribe found out that the tree was a manifestation of Terlok’s breath and that it sustained all other life forms in the forest. They named the tree Croptud, meaning “Roots of Reality”, and adapted the same name for their tribe.

Croptudians are said to be rational thinkers. They are realists and they detach themselves from emotional affinity. Practicality is what defines a Croptudian.

Chapter IV: Morponitos

Earth’s first rainfall showered after the creation of Aárgo. In Aárgo, it rained several days and nights before the first moving organism appeared and set afloat in the waters. Continuous precipitation for almost 30 days resulted to the creation of numerous rivers and streams in Aárgo. The numerous waterforms drained into four large rivers, all of which, in turn, drained into a mysterious fount that was later called Fountain of Youthful Life. The fountain is believed to have been breathed upon by Terlok himself.

Many years after the Dispersion, group of people settled near the heart of the four rivers. They drank from the sacred fountain, and the fountain itself sustained them and gave them vitality for many years. As time passed by, their population grew and they also learned to utilize water as a source of unfathomable energy.

Later on, the group became a tribe. Tavernus Rex, the first elected Bearer of the Torch, named the tribe Morponitos, which meant “Waves of Grandeur.” The members of the Morponitos tribe soon became known as Morpons.

Morpons are by nature persuasive. They are creative and versatile, characteristics of water which seeped deep into their veins from the Fountain of Youthful Life. They share the same values and they have unique talents, gifts that were given to them by the mystic energies of the fount.

Chapter V: The Great Plains of Merkintag

Rare, powerful gemstones which were extracted from the Great Plains were said to be proofs of Terlok’s magical breath. These stones were of different colors, the most magical of which were crystalline stones which were later called Terlok’s gemstones. These stones are believed to be crystallized forms of Terlok’s magical breath.

The same stones became the object of the clash among the tribes of Aárgo. The four tribes fought to their deaths over the precious stones to claim the wisdom and power the stones possessed. After months of conflict and bloodshed, a Council of neutral Aárgo citizens, later known as The Tribal Council, summoned the tribe leaders, or Torchbearers, in a gathering. They discussed peace agreements to restore order in Aárgo. The four Torchbearers agreed with the conditions that bloodshed should stop. They further agreed that precious stones should only be given to those who prove themselves worthy in various fields of human interest.

The vast plain, which was situated in the very heart of Aárgo, became the meeting place of the four tribes. It was later named Merkintag (meaning “Brilliance”, after the gemstones) and it became the nucleus of competition between Alpec, Cepri, Croptud, and Morponitos, as to who will succeed in collecting the most valuable prize: Terlok’s gems.

Epilogue: The New Age

The four tribes continue to compete not only for the gemstones, but also for glory and honor. Everybody is uncertain of when these competitions will end. So long as there is an inner strength from within the hearts of these warriors, glory and honor will reign for all eternity…

Filed under: Feature

Unveiling its Existence: Probing the UPV Art Gallery

Kapwa-2 Exhibit; Photo by Junnie Vee Hongco

Kapwa-2 Exhibit; Photo by Junnie Vee Hongco

by Donna Laguardia

Art is one of life’s important aspects. It serves a number of purposes. According to art experts it serves as a way for the artist to reveal their thoughts and ideas which they were not able to express in the usual language. It can also be a medium of communication between the people of the past and those of the present by acting as a passage for the ancient norms, cultures, traditions, and beliefs to be in the future for they may be useful for the modern society. Art can also be a way to preserve the beauty and essence of something that is perishable.

These, and among many more purposes probably led to the establishment of a number of institutions such as national museums and art galleries to house and take charge of the preservation of a great number of works of art in various forms, world wide. One of these institutions worth thanking for saving Filipinos cultural heritage is the UPV Art Gallery – located in the Lozano Hall of the University of the Philippines – Visayas, Iloilo City campus.

History…
Enclosed in its four ancient walls are passion, brilliance and the mighty power of the mind and the heart collided to form magnificent masterpieces. The hall is abundantly filled with genuine knowledge, unuttered powerful emotions and messages expressed in lasting silence and an amazingly creative way. A shelter for the hundreds and thousands of wild imaginations, mutely shouting and striving to be imparted from generation to generations – the UPV Art Gallery is the home for many excellent works of credible Filipino artists.

The UPV Art Gallery was established in the 70’s. Former University of the Philippines College in Iloilo (UPCI) dean, Dr. Dionisia A. Rola created the Cultural Development Committee (CDC). CDC was one of the development programs expected to benefit UPCI and the region it served. This committee, headed by Prof. Gaudelia V. Doromal who was at that time the chair of the Humanities Division, sponsored several group art exhibits.

In 1983, UPCI became an autonomous campus and was named as the University of the Philippines in the Visayas (UPV). Dr. Rola who was appointed as UPV’s first chancellor, approved the conversion of the Little Theater annex room into CDC’s office and art gallery. Two years later, CDC became the Chancellor’s Committee for Culture and the Arts (CCCA), with Prof. Doromal as Chair. The title chair was later been changed to Special Assistant to the Chancellor for the Culture and the Arts.

In July 25, 1995, Chancellor Rola generously turned over some of her personal collections to the university upon her retirement. A huge number of the gallery’s collection today came from her donation.

Prof. Doromal was succeeded by Dr. Elnora A. Cabalfin and Prof. Cecelia F. Parcon, respectively. Under Prof. Cabalfin, the CCCA’s office and art gallery was transferred to Lozano Hall because the building was deemed structurally appropriate. In July 2001 Prof. Marie Joy R. Sumagaysay took over then followed by Prof. Roman C. Sanares in 2002 -2005. He was then succeeded by Prof. Vicente R. Tan who holds the position until the present.

The CCCA…
The Chancellor’s Committee for Culture in the Arts (CCCA) was created in order to provide a central body to ensure and make available to the UPV constituency and the community a rich, balanced and quality cultural program. The objectives of the said committee include , to help enhance the humanistic dimensions of the university activities and programs; to help enrich the “inner life” of the university community as well as the community at large, through opportunities to understand and appreciate various forms of artistic expression; to help create and sustain a climate that will better enable the artists in the university and the community to realize themselves and to play their role effectively in shaping attitudes and values; to help provide leadership in the tone and quality of cultural programs and artistic activities in the region; and to assist in programs aimed at discovering and promoting the Filipino and Visayan cultural heritage.

CCCA’s functions are to design and disseminate a rich and balanced annual calendar of cultural activities for the university, encourage the formation and growth of performing and creative groups in the various artistic fields among the constituents of the university and to recommend policies and measures to encourage elevation and maintenance of high standards of cultural performances through a system of rewards and incentives. It also monitors the various cultural and artistic projects in the university and prepares the budget in support of the cultural program and recommends the allocation of cultural funds.

Prior to these functions the committee plans out annual calendar of activities for the promotion, preservation, and enhancement of arts and culture among the students, faculty and staff in the university and the larger community in the region as well. These activities involve art exhibits, art workshops/lectures, concerts/cultural performances and art recitals.

Success…
For several decades until recently, CCCA is doing quite well in running the gallery and performing its tasks. It has sponsored many exhibits and had collected a good number of art collections. A huge part of this success is attributed to patrons of arts organizations such as the Friends of UPV for the Arts (FUPVA) who willingly extended their generous support to the committee. RPG Foundation Inc., through its Chairman Dr. Raul de Guzman, also a pioneer faculty of the College of Management had rendered a big support when the foundation recently funded the rehabilitation of the UPV Art Gallery.

Most of the projects and cultural and arts–related programs being undertaken by the CCCA every academic year were also sourced from the cultural funds paid by the students.

The Pride…
The UPV Art Gallery takes pride for being the only gallery in the region to have the works of several national artists in its collections particularly there of Jose Joya, Carlos “Botong” Francisco, Cesar Legaspi, Arturo Luz and Ang Kiukok. It is also a repository of the works of Ilonggo artists namely Edward Defensor, Nelson Ferraris, Dado Tan, Fred Orig, Alan Cabalfin, Jose Amora, Joseph Decierdo, Roman Sanares, Benjie Belgica, PG Zoluaga, Martin Genodepa, Levi Salmon, and many others.

One of the prized pieces is the huge artwork entitled “Tree of Life” which is an abstract collage consisting of acrylic paint on wood with patches of hand–made paper with colors cream, green and brown which are cut in varying shapes and figures made by former Dean of the College of Fine Arts in UP Diliman and posthumously awarded national artist, Jose Joya. This art piece was acquired by UPV in 1986. Another fraction of UPV Arts Gallery’s collections is the pottery works of Nelfa Querobin – Tompkins, an Ilongga artist from Concepcion, Iloilo who donated more than 50 of her early works to UPV before she migrated to the US also in 1986.

Also held in the gallery last November 11, 2005 was Francisco Riccardo Monti in the Philippines. It was an exhibit featuring well-mounted black and white photograph of large scale sculptor pieces by Monti, an Italian sculptor who stayed in the Philippines for almost three decades (1930-1958). Monti was the one who designed the figures situated above Lozano Hall’s main doorway and the Law and Order statue (commonly mistaken as Plato and Aristotle guarding the entrance). He was also a good friend of Juan Arellano, The National Artist for Architecture.

In 2006, the CCCA has also conducted several projects such as Kurit-Dagyaw (an Interaction Painting), Dihon (Art Installation Exhibit), Bungang-Isip (On the Spot Poem Writing Contest), Saranggola (Stage Play), and Kuting-Kuting (An Informance featuring the Kasilag Guitar Quartet). It has also sponsored solo exhibits namely, Violated Portraits, an exhibit by Martin Genodepa’s latest collection of sculptures presenting his musings on what constitute violence against women and children, among them disease, poverty, hunger and physical, sexual and emotional abuse. Genodepa holds a bachelor’s degree in the humanities from UPV. As mentioned by Eileen Legaspi-Ramirez in her article Crossbred and Émigré: Visual Art in a Flux, Martin was one of the only four Filipino sculptors today who work primarily in stones along side with Imelda Pilapil, Roberto Robles and Eduardo Olbes. Another CCCA’s major undertaking is Kuhang Marino: Images of Filipino Seamen, a two-part exhibit on Filipino seafarers who are considered one of the contemporary heroes today. One part features a photo documentary exhibition by Johannes Ode, a professional Dutch photographer commissioned by the Philippine Seafarers Assistance Programme to capture the living and working conditions of Filipino seamen in world’s ships. The other part showed the seamen’s poetry that they have been written onboard. This was done in collaboration with UP Diliman Jorge B. Vargas Museum and Filipiniana Research Center.

For the Academic Year 2007-2008, the CCCA has again carried out a number of huge projects particularly art exhibits such as Whimsies by Tina Ascalon, The Saffron Spirit from Cambodia by Loven Ramos, Outburst by Anthony Castillo, History of UP Visayas in collaboration with Center for West Visayan Studies, Exhibit of UPV’s Selected Art Collections by CCCA, Dos por Dos by Joey Isturis, The Nude Exhibit by Various Illonggo Artists and Partnership at 60 (traveling photo exhibit in celebration of the 60 years of Philippine-American Friendship Day). It has also featured contests, lectures and workshops namely, Bungang Isip (a poem writing contest), Children’s Book Writers and Illustrators Lecture-workshop in collaboration with SCBWI and OCEP, Kuris-Kuris (a sketching workshop by Fred Ong) and Photographic Society of Iloilo’s Public.

And for this academic year 2008-2009, it has also accomplished several noteworthy events such as Handurawan (a visual art exhibition featuring the works of Levy Salmon), Handuraw (a cultural presentation in celebration of the Salakayan Festival), 35 Years On: Nelfa Querobin’s Retrospective Exhibition in celebration of the UP Centennial, Kurit Dagyaw (an Interaction Painting), Artist’s Talk: Nelfa Querobin’s Life and Craft, Cultural Heritage; Makakain ba yan?(a lecture by Prof. Eric B. Zerrudo), Pagpupugay sa Pambansang Alagad ng Sining – Virgilio S. Almario, Bigkas Binalaybay: Book Launching and Writer’s Night, PMB’s Dorm Poets Society (a poetry exhibit), Pabatyag ( a poetry workshop), Take Two (a stage play presentation), Parangal (a centennial commencement concert featuring Ballet Philippines), Indio-Genious Art: In and Out Frame, and just recently the 2008 Shell Art Exhibit Program (featuring Juvenal Sanso). In the whole month of August of this year, it will be in custody of The One-man Show by Prof. Edward D. Defensor – a multi-awarded humanities professor in various fields of Art and Literature.

Art indeed is an important part of human life. For people mentioned above wouldn’t have spent a huge part of their life creating and promoting art pieces for nothing. And for institutions like the UPV Art Gallery would not be in existence if it was not because of such considerable importance.

Source: UPV Art Gallery files

Filed under: Feature

A Fallacy on Number

by: Jun Bustamante

Is one equal to zero?

Lets assume:

a=1
b=1

we can say:

1. a = b given
2. a x a = b x a multiply both sides with a
3. a^2 = ab simplify result
4. a^2 – b^2 = ab – b^2 subtract b^2 on both sides
5. (a+b)(a-b) = b(a-b) factor
6. a + b = b divide both sides with (a-b)
7. a = 0 subtract b on both sides
8. 1 = 0 substitute

Filed under: Feature

1 = 0.999999….

by: Jun Bustamante

This is what i discovered 5 years ago.

let x = 0.9999…

(1) x = 0.9999… – given
(2) 10x = 9.9999… – multiply both sides of (1) by 10
(3) 9x = 9 – subtract (1) from (2)
(4) x = 1 – divide both sides of (3) by 9
(5) 1 = 0.9999… – substitute x with (1)

To all mathematics enthusiast, hope you have read this and share this with others.

Filed under: Feature

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